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Kniha: Physics I. - Eva Veselá

Physics I.
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Kniha: Physics I.
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Skripta jsou doprovodným materiálem pro přednášky z předmětu Physics I. Obsahují úvodní partii, včetně pravidel pro počítání s vektory, systém jednotek SI, mechaniku hmotného bodu ... (celý popis)
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Jazyk: anglicky
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Specifikace
Nakladatelství: » ČVUT Praha
Médium / forma: Tištěná kniha
Rok vydání: 30.08.2017
Počet stran: 134
Rozměr: 148x210
Úprava: 133 stran : ilustrace
Vydání: 3. vydání
Jazyk: anglicky
ISBN: 978-80-01-06191-6
EAN: 9788001061916
Ukázka: » zobrazit ukázku
Popis

Skripta jsou doprovodným materiálem pro přednášky z předmětu Physics I. Obsahují úvodní partii, včetně pravidel pro počítání s vektory, systém jednotek SI, mechaniku hmotného bodu (kinematiku i dynamiku), hydromechaniku, nauku o teple, 1. a 2. zákon termodynamiky, vlnění, zvuk, akustiku, el. pole a jeho popis, kondenzátor.

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0.1 INTRODUCTION

0.2 HOW TO DIVIDE PHYSICS

0.3 INTERACTIONS

0.4 MODELS, THEORIES, LAWS, PRINCIPLES

1.0 PHYSICAL QUANTITIES

1.1 SYSTEM OF UNITS

1.2 MEASUREMENTS. ERRORS, UNCERTAINTY

1.3 SCALAR AND VECTOR PHYSICAL QUANTITIES

1.4 VECTORS

1.4.1 Rules for Calculation with Vector Quantities

2.0 KINEMATICS OF A PARTICLE MOTION

2.1 MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION

2.1.1 Uniform Straight-line Motion of a Particle

2.1.2 Uniformly Accelerated Straight-line Motion of a particle

2.1.3 Free Fall of a Particle

2.1.4 Vertical Throw of a Particle

2.2 MOTION IN A PLANE

2.2.1 Circular Motion of a Particle

2.2.2 Uniform Circular Motion of a Particle

3.0 REFERENCE FRAME. GALILEI TRANSFORMATION

4.0 DYNAMICS

4.1 NEWTON'S LAWS OF MOTION

4.2 EQUATION OF MOTION

4.3 FORCES IN A CIRCULAR MOTION

5.0 FRICTION

6.0 PERIODIC MOTION

6.1 Harmonic Motion (Simple Harmonic Motion)

7.0 WORK AND ENERGY

7.0.1 Potential Energy

7.1 WORK-ENERGY THEOREM

7.2 ELASTIC POTENTIAL ENERGY

7.3 CONSERVATIVE AND DISSIPATIVE FORCES

7.4 POWER

7.5 IMPULSE

8.0 SYSTEM OF PARTICLES

8.1 INTERNAL FORCES, EXTERNAL FORCES, ISOLATED SYTSEM

8.2 TORQUE

8.3 CENTER OF MASS

8.4 EQUATIONS OF MOTION FOR A SYSTEM OF PARTICLES

8.4.1 Translation

8.4.2 Collisions

8.4.3 Rotation of a System of Particles

9.0 RIGID BODY

9.1 TRANSLATION MOTION OF A RIGID BODY

9.2 ROTATION OF A RIGID BODY

9.2.1 Kinetic Energy of Rotation

9.2.2 Parallel Axis Theorem

9.2.3 Equation of Motion for Rotation of a Rigid body

9.2.4 The Simple Pendulum

9.2.5 The Physical Pendulum

9.2.6 Rotation about a Moving Axis

9.2.7 Moment of Inertia of Some Bodies

9.2.8 Analogy between Translation and Rotation

10.0 GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

10.1 NEWTON’S LAW OF UNIVERSAL GRAVITATION

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C O C O C O C O O O O O O O C O ^ J - v /


.mtfnsity of gravitational filed

104 w cSIrEMENT of the gravitational constant

« POTENTIAL OF THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

lg 7 planets, satellite

] 07.1 Artificial Satellites

I? 0 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER

I ? nFFORMATION CAUSES BY A NORMAL FORCE

2 DEFORMATION CAUSES BY A TANGENT FORCE

II o i Restoring Torque on a Thin Wire

13 ELASTICITY AND PLASTICITY

12.0 FLUID MECHANICS

12 1 HYDROSTATICS

121 1 Pressure in a Fluid in a Gravitational Field

12.2 Pascal’s Law

12.1.3 Euler’s Equation

12.1.4 Archimedes’ Principle

12.5 Surface Tension

12.2 HYDRODYNAMICS

12.2.1 Continuity Equation

12.2.2 Bernoulli’s Equation

12.3 REAL FLUID

13.0 THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER

13.1 TEMPERATURE

13.2 THERMAL EXPANSION

13.2.1 Linear Expansion of Solids

13.2.2 Volume Expansion of Solids and Liquids

13.2.3 Volume Expansion of Gases

13.3 THERMAL STRESS

13.3.1 One-Dimensional Case

13.3.2 Three-Dimensional Case

13.4 HEAT

13.4.1 Heat and Temperature

13.5 KINETIC-MOLECULAR THEORY OF MATTER

13.5.1 Quantities We Use in KMTM

13.5.2 Statistical Laws

13.6 IDEAL GAS

13.7 MAXWELL-BOLTZMANN DISTRIBUTION OF MOLECULAR SPEEDS

13.8 IDEAL GAS EQUATION

^ o'l-Van der Waals Equation of State

13.9 THERMODYNAMICS

q о tu6 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

n in оЙ First Law of Thermodynamics

1? Í c^mIAL KINDS 0F THERMODYNAMIC PROCESSES

1919 LQUIPARTITION of energy, molar heat capacities

3. 2 HEAT ENGINES

3. 2.1 The Stirling Engine

ÉpSSrS*

i3'l35TSefri9eratiors

• • HE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

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13.13.1 Entropy. Mathematical Formulation of the Second Law

of Thermodynamics gg

13.13.2 Change in Entropy in Some Special Thermodynamic Processes 97

13.13.3 Thermodynamic Processes in Г-5 diagrams 98

13.13.4 Natural Processes and Entropy 98

13.13.5 Entropy, Probability, Order, Disorder, Information 99

13.14 THE THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS 101

14.0 PERIODIC MOTION 101

14.1 SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION 101

14.2 SUPERPOSITION OF TWO )OR MORE) SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTIONS 103

14.2.1 Superposition of SHMs in One Direction 103

14.2.2 Superposition of Two SHMs in Two Perpendicular Direction IO5

14.3 DAMPED OSCILLATIONS 106

14.4 FORCED OSCILLATIONS 108

15.0 WAVES 110

15.1 MECHANICAL WAVES 110

15.2 POLARIZATION Щ

15.3 HARMONIC WAVES 111

15.4 WAVE EQUATION 113

15.5 WAVE PROPAGATION IN A THIN ROD 113

15.5.1 Longitudinal Waves 113

15.5.2 Transverse Waves in a Thin Rod (string) 114

15.6 PROPAGATION OF LONGITUDINAL WAVES IN FLUID 115 15.7 PROPAGATION OF LONGITUDINAL WAVES IN GASES 115

16.0 VIBRATING BODIES 116 16.1 STANDING WAVES 116

16.1.1 Normal Modes of a String 116 17.0 ACOUSTIC 117

17.1 PRESSURE VARIATIONS 118

17.2 SOUND INTENSITY 119

17.3 THE DOPPLER EFFECT 120

18.0 ELECTRIC CHARGE 121

18.1 ELECTRIC FIELD 122

18.1.1 Coulomb’s Law 122

18.1.2 Description of the Electric Field 123

18.2.1 Electric Dipole 126

18.1.4 Gauss’Law 126

18.1.5 Intensity of the Electric Field of a Positively Charged Sphere 127

18.1.6 Electric Field of an Infinite Sheet of Charge 128

18.1.7 Electric Field of a Uniformly Charged Cylinder 128

18.1.8 Electric Potential 1

18.1.9 Potential Difference I30

18.1.10 Electric Potential of a Charged Metallic Sphere I30

18.2 CAPACITORS, CAPACITANCE 131

18.2.1 Parallellate Capacitor I32

18.2.2 Cylindrical Capacitor 132

18.2.3 Capacitance of a Spherical Capacitor 133

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